Question 1 Mark the following statements as true or false: Question 2 Why is it useful for a breastfeeding parent to learn hand expression? Check all that apply. << Back Next >>

Topic 3: Breastfeeding Positioning

Finding positions that are comfortable and meet the unique needs of the breastfeeding dyad can make a big difference in the breastfeeding experience, as optimal positioning supports effective and comfortable latching. It is important to recognize that dyads have unique body shapes and sizes and there is no one size fits all approach to positioning. […]

Topic 2: Hand Expression

Hand expression is a learned skill that should be taught to every breastfeeding parent. The following are some reasons why a breastfeeding parent may find this skill useful:28 Expressing a small amount of breastmilk on to their nipple may help with latching (e.g., scent of breastmilk may encourage infant to open mouth). Breastmilk can be […]

Topic 1: Skin-to-Skin Care

Skin-to-skin care (SSC) is the practice of holding a physiologically stable infant in an upright position on the parent’s bare chest with continuous abdominal skin-to-skin contact between the dyad. The dyad may be covered by a blanket for warmth and privacy (keeping the blanket away from the infant’s face) The parent(s) should be awake and […]

Case Study 1

  Swathi gave birth to Shiva 2 weeks ago and both are healthy. Swathi books a follow-up appointment as she feels Shiva doesn’t ‘enjoy’ breastfeeding as he is usually very upset and agitated when she starts to breastfeed him.   Resources: Breastfeeding Assessment Components ResourceLEARN Model Supporting Information: Shiva’s physical assessment is normal, with appropriate […]


Question 1 Cue-based feeding involves responding to an infant’s signals of hunger, satiation, and the need for comfort. Match each visual with the stage of infant hunger cues: Question 2 You are providing anticipatory guidance to parents about cue-based feeding and how often they can expect their healthy infant to want to feed. What information […]

Topic 3: Approaches that Support the Breastfeeding Relationship

The Breastfeeding Parent as the Expert As the breastfeeding parent is learning how to breastfeed or is having breastfeeding difficulties, they may look to their HCP for information, support, and advice. The HCP is often considered the ‘expert’ who will teach the parent how to breastfeed and ‘fix’ any problems that arise.3,14 However, it is […]

Topic 2: Cue-Based Feeding

Cue-based feeding, also known as responsive infant feeding, is encouraged for all infants, regardless of feeding method.6 Cue-based feeding involves responding to an infant’s signals of hunger, satiation and need for comfort. Cue-based breastfeeding supports the ‘supply and demand’ mechanisms involved with milk production, resulting in a breast milk supply that matches the infant’s needs.6  […]

Topic 1: Dyad Breastfeeding Behaviours

Infant Feeding Instincts & Reflexes Parent Feeding Instincts Parents may also demonstrate automatic instincts to nurture their infants.3 When the hormone oxytocin is released, it helps the parent to want to touch and cuddle their infant.3 It has also been observed that there are similarities in how parents instinctively touch and stroke their babies.3 A […]

Case exercise: Case 10 (TEST)

Please carefully read the information provided throughout the case and respond to the questions as fully as possible. Teaching faculty will review your responses. Case 10: Jamil Hidden Name First Last HiddenDate MM slash DD slash YYYY A 34-year-old male presents to your office with chest pain. 1. Before you even see the patient, what […]